Makkah Royal Clock Tower

Makkah Royal Clock Tower, also called Abraj Al-Bait, lies close to Al Masjid Al Haram in Mecca. They started constructing it in 2004, and completed building it in 2012. The building extends over seven towers standing above stages. The tower is decorated with its famous Royal Clock whose height is 601 meters above ground, and that makes it one of the ten tallest towers in the world.

The huge building project was developed as part of the King Abdulaziz Endowment Project, which has the objective of modernizing the city to provide the top luxorious accommodations for the soaring quantity of guests and citizens of the Holy City of Makkah.

The building’s seven towers are set upon a 15-floor and 115 meters-high stage, that has a grand trade area. The tallest tower housing the Makkah Royal Clock Tower Hotel lies inside the building structure. The six other towers - ZamZam, Marwah, Qibla, Maqam and Hajar - are located by the sides of the clock tower.

The heights of the other towers differ starting from 200 meters till 300 meters, and the number of levels range between 42 and 48.

The Makkah Royal Clock Tower Hotel is a 120-floor construction. It is well known for being the tallest hotel and the tallest clock tower in the entire world. The clock is estimated to be 43 meters × 43 meters on each above the hotel tower, stands out as the largest clock face in the world. The clock faces are illuminated by around two million LED lights.

The towerhas a 71 meter high spire above the clock that raises the construction height to 601 meter above ground. A 23 meter high crescent made of fiber glass and mosaic gold is mounted at the apex of the tower. The top 200 meters of the clock tower is covered with fiber reinforced plastic (FRP) complex panels.

Dar Al-Handasah provided the structural engineering services for the building. The German architecture firm SL Rasch constructed the upper part of the clock tower starting from the height 450 meters up to the top.

The Premier Composites Technologies (PCT) of Dubai has performed the facade cover for the tower top and the clock installation. Gurit equipped the complex materials used for the tower's top facade. The tower’s clock was created by PERROT, the German tower clock manufacturer.

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